Notes: VII. Saline County

Notes for William Becknell: VII. Saline County

Note 1. The fact that Becknell’s residence during the early 1820s was in Howard County is shown by the various Howard County court cases in which he was a defendant. Descriptions of his location during that time as the Arrow Rock or the Arrow Rock ferry must have referred to the north side of the river.

Note 2. Saline County, Mo., Deed Book A, p. 102.

Note 3. James Glasgow to William Becknell, July 14, 1829, Sappington-Marmaduke Papers, Box 1, Folder 5, Missouri History Museum. Another surviving letter from this time indicates that Becknell was acting as an agent for the Payne brothers of Columbia, Missouri, to sell cotton. See William Becknell to A.M. Payne, April 4, 1829, Payne-Broadwell Family Papers (C0983), Folder 2, The State Historical Society of Missouri Manuscript Collection.

Note 4. See Part III Note 1 for details about the five Becknell children.

Note 5. The fact that Mary Jane Becknell married as early as age 15 in 1830 is supported by the birth of her eldest child, Edward P. Rogers, about 1831. See 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Red River County, Tex. A household headed by Thomas Rodgers appears in the 1830 census for Arrow Rock Township, Saline County, Mo. (not shown in the image accompanying the text).

Note 6. 1830 U.S. Federal Census, Arrow Rock Township, Saline County, Mo. The Evans household had four slaves: an adult man and woman and two children.

Note 7. The following children of George and Hannah Evans are included in the Osage County, Mo., probate records of their grandfather, Jesse Evans: Jesse C. Evans, William B. Evans, Nancy Ann Evans (who married Rodney W. Groves), Elizabeth Evans (who married Cameron Reeves), and George W. Evans, Jr. See the page “1847 – First Annual Settlement of Jesse Evans Estate.”

Note 8. Alonzo Pearson’s involvement with the Sappington family is recounted in Christopher Phillips, Missouri’s Confederate: Claiborne Fox Jackson and the Creation of Southern Identity in the Border West, Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press (2000), pp. 70-71, 91-92.

Note 9. Mary Becknell to Alonzo Pearson, Dec. 30, 1829, Sappington-Marmaduke Papers, Box 1, Folder 5, Missouri History Museum. The faded letter is indexed in the archives of the Missouri History Museum as being written by William Becknell. This letter and various other documents of Alonzo Pearson survive because they were filed with Sappington family business records.

Note 10. Pearson’s trip east in early 1830 is mentioned in Sappington family business records. A merchant named Washington Jackson was doing business in Pennsylvania at that time. Coincidentally, the settlement at the top of the Arrow Rock bluff was also called Philadelphia. The Missouri town was renamed Arrow Rock in 1833.

Note 11. The use of the name Little Arrow Rock for the site of Saline City is described in History of Saline County, Missouri, St. Louis: Missouri Historical Company (1881), pp. 468-69. The post office subsequently established at that location was called Little Rock.

Note 12. William Becknell’s April 4, 1829 letter described in Note 3 above was also written from Little Arrow Rock. The post office from which that letter was sent was Walnut Farm, a town on the stage route from Fayette to Lexington that had a post office in the 1830s. Few references to that place, which was apparently near the present-day town of Gilliam, can still be found.

Note 13. No probate records of any Chribbs estate have been found in Saline County or Howard County. The implication of Mary Becknell’s letter to Alonzo Pearson is that John Chribbs died in Philadelphia, but he is not listed in the will index or administration index there. Nor is he listed in the Philadelphia city directories of the 1820s. The Philadelphia cemetery return index does list a John Cribbens who died of pneumonia in 1825 at the almshouse.

Note 14. History of Saline County, Missouri, St. Louis, Mo.: Missouri Historical Company (1881), p. 398.

Note 15. Mary Ellen Rowe, Bulwark of the Republic: The American Militia in Antebellum West, Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers (2003), pp. 94-95.

Note 16. Discharge of Sgt. Frederick Hargrave, Aug. 18, 1829, and Discharge of Corporal Benjamin Hargrave, Aug. 18, 1829, Sappington-Marmaduke Papers, Box 1, Folder 5, Missouri History Museum. Each of the Hargraves assigned to Pearson & Sappington his right to payment established by his discharge document, and the documents were filed with the company’s business records.

Note 17. Alonzo Pearson to William Becknell, Aug. 8, 1829, Sappington-Marmaduke Papers, Box 1, Folder 5, Missouri History Museum.